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Nasca Lines and Geoglyphs Print E-mail

The famous and mysterious Nasca lines, are found in the  pampas of Jumana, formed by the pampas of Nasca, Palpa, Ingenio, and Socos  in the desert of Nasca between the provinces of Nasca and Palpa in Peru. It is a reddish and blackish land that turns violet at night. In this zone the surface has a light dark layer over a clear subsoil and that is why we can get a easy visual contrast.

They were draw by the nasca culture and are formed by many  figures, from simple designs like lines to complex  anthropomorphous figures (human appearance), zoomorphic (animals), phytomorphic (vegetables) and geometrics that appear in the surface of this arid desert.

The amazing thing of this lines is that they can just be observed totally from the air flying over the desert that has pop up many questions about the intentions and skills of the builders.

The depth of the lines never pass 30cm and some are simple scratches in the surface, even though they can be recognized with there is not much sun and the relief is accentuated.

In 1970 the INC declared Nasca as a protected zone in order to avoid the deterioration of the lines.

The UNESCO declared  the Nasca Lines as Human Patrimony in 1994.

Recently the Foundation María Reiche has designed a map  of the Nasca lines from pictures taking by  the satellite Ikonos.

This set of gigantic designs, covers an extension of 500 km2. In order to see all the magnitude of this famous lines, it is necessary to take a flight offered for some companies of aerial transport. However, there is also a viepoint in the km 410 of the Panamericana Sur.

The extraordinary conservation of the Nasca lines is due mainly to two natural factors:
  • In the zone where the Nasca lines are located,¬† rain is less than 1 liter/m2 per year.
  • The composition of the soil, with a high content of plaster that blended with the dew in the morning, keeps the land and rocks subjects to the land, avoiding¬† to be dragged by the movement of the air.
  • The average annual temperature is 25 centigrade in one of driest zone in the planet. The warm air acts as a "mattress" avoiding that the lines be erased, that force the winds to change its direction.
 

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